Biologists conduct research on animal and plant species to ensure their conservation and rational use for health, recreational or commercial purposes. In the laboratory or in nature, they study the origin, development, structure, physiology, behavior, distribution, heredity, environment, interdependence and classification of plants or animals. Biologists apply the results of their studies to the following economic and social aspects: management of fauna or flora, inventory of resources, conservation, propagation and introduction of species. These specialists also collaborate on the development and application of land use plans, particularly in recreation-related phases.
Geomatics is a discipline that integrates computer technologies with earth sciences. It makes it possible to obtain, manipulate and analyze geographical data in order to constitute maps and images. These elements consist of different layers of information superimposed, based on particular concerns and needs.
Geodesy studies the shape and dimensions of the Earth, as well as the location of points on its surface. It is used at the beginning of cartography, remote sensing, civil engineering and terrestrial or space navigation. It helps to ensure the positioning of geographic databases. Topometry is used to collect and record measurements of angles and distances in the field.
Photogrammetry uses aerial photographs and satellite images to perform the interpretation, positioning and measurement of visible topographic details. Surveying determines the position and boundary of a property, building or administrative territory from the analysis of titles, statutes, regulations and previous surveys. The operation may include the creation of an official territorial designation and the establishment of landmarks, in order, among other things, to reconstitute at any time the perimeter of the land or territory concerned.
Remote sensing collects information from a ground target by analyzing and interpreting images captured from platforms such as satellites. Cartography allows the geographical representation of the natural and artificial elements of a territory in a system of terrestrial coordinates.
The goal of the environmental and natural heritage professional is to preserve biodiversity and contribute to sustainable development in Quebec. The environmental professional ensures environmental compliance. This person conducts inspections and other types of audits in the industrial, municipal, agricultural, water and natural sectors. The environmental professional reports deficiencies and carefully analyzes the elements collected in order to be able to qualify the degree of seriousness of the real or apprehended consequences on the environment and the human being and to make recommendations. The environmental professional must establish a context favorable to the communication and the resolution of problems, without replacing the actors responsible for the implementation of measures of prevention, protection and repair. The, sometimes coercive aspect of his interventions, leads him to have to show diplomacy and conviction in his communications with stakeholders.
Ecologists make assumptions about populations, communities and ecosystems and their interactions with the environment. They carry out theoretical field and laboratory research including the collection and analysis of water and soil samples and wild specimens. They analyze field and laboratory data using statistics and mathematical models. They study several characteristics of plants and animals over extended periods, such as life cycles, population size, diet, habitat and behaviors. In addition, they assess the biodiversity of ecosystems and examine the influence of disturbances, such as pollution, agriculture and climate change. They can provide useful data and advice to governments, industry, non-governmental organizations, communities and individuals to help them manage landscapes and ecosystems wisely. Finally, they use modeling techniques to assess the potential impacts of changes on the ecosystem, such as the introduction of new species.